Preliminary Skills Taught in Elementary School

To be successful in elementary school, students must acquire a variety of pre-requisite skills. These abilities will equip them with the ability to comprehend academic subjects such as reading, math and social studies with confidence.

These skills include cognitive development, practical life application, artistic sensibility and sports abilities. Furthermore, these lay the groundwork for future academic success and empower children to become better citizens.


Elementary school provides children with the foundational skills that will guide them throughout their secondary education. These fundamental abilities include reading, writing, arithmetic and spelling – many of which are also taught in junior and senior high school classrooms.

Elementary education’s purpose is to give children the necessary skills for success in both their future professional careers and personal lives. Beyond basic abilities, educators strive to establish a firm foundation of social justice, character development, and the moral values of honesty and hard work.

Students acquire these skills through multisensory activities that engage all senses, such as auditory and visual components. This approach is based on whole brain learning theory, which suggests students retain more information when they utilize all their senses to process it.

Reading is a critical skill that shapes how students communicate and relate to those around them. Therefore, teachers must find ways to motivate all their pupils to become better readers.

For instance, students may utilize activities that incorporate music or art to improve their reading comprehension. These strategies are effective for all students but especially beneficial to those with special needs or reading disabilities.

They can assist students who struggle with reading by providing them with a sense of belonging in the classroom. Furthermore, tutoring services enable you to assess student progress and identify any gaps in their skillset.

Elementary schools typically provide assistance to their struggling students, such as tutoring or special education teachers. Some schools even offer specialized curriculum or supplemental reading programs specifically tailored towards these learners.


Early years of schooling are critical for children’s development. During this period, they learn language skills, physical coordination and socialization – as well as the fundamentals of math. These foundational abilities are invaluable later in life when it comes to future academic success.

Preschoolers should acquire the fundamental math skills of number sense, measurement, representation, estimation, spatial sense, patterns and problem-solving. These abilities are necessary for comprehending complex mathematical ideas.

In addition to the basic skills, children should also possess an understanding of place value and fractions. This will enable them to solve problems that involve addition or subtraction of fractions or whole numbers.

Calculating, particularly forward and backward counting, is one of the essential math skills for preschoolers to master. By counting verbally or mentally both in front and behind them, they develop their capacity for visualizing numerical relationships.

Another essential skill that preschoolers should master is number recognition, which involves recognizing the number of objects in a set and being able to compare those quantities. For instance, they could understand if five apples are more than three or if six apples are greater than four.

These fundamental skills are taught in kindergarten, but parents can also help your child build on them. Being present for your child while they solve simple math problems before meals or while playing outside in the park will not only make learning easier but also more fun!

In elementary school, students build upon their basic mathematics abilities while exploring the foundations of science, social studies, health, art, music and physical education. Furthermore, they will master basic operations like adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing.


Elementary school science instruction primarily aims to develop foundational skills in the scientific domain. These include observing, predicting, measuring and thinking critically about scientific ideas.

Students can develop these skills through hands-on experiments or other scientific activities like researching an animal’s life cycle or creating a power point presentation. These lessons are presented in an engaging manner that reinforces practical application while building basic mathematical knowledge.

Young children can begin by measuring objects such as a cup of water or dog’s leg. As they grow older, however, they begin using more sophisticated tools and equipment.

Another essential science skill is the capacity to interpret data. This involves drawing a conclusion after careful investigation, such as when two students conduct experiments on the same plant and obtain different outcomes; it’s essential that both make accurate interpretations from their observations.

Additionally, students can create representations of phenomena using graphs and charts. For instance, fifth graders in one study created graphical depictions of naturally occurring variations in growing plants to help them analyze the pattern.

They then used these models to analyze various characteristics of a plant, such as its height, color and shape. With time the representations became more abstract and model-like but still accurately reflected the properties of their distribution.

Research suggests instructional programs that frame science as practice can be successful in helping to develop conceptual understanding and reasoning strategies (Roth, 2002). These practices involve conducting scientific investigations; developing specialized ways of talking and writing about the science domain; modeling in mechanical, mathematical, and computer-based formats; and creating representations of phenomena.

Social Studies

Elementary school provides students with essential communication, reading and writing skills as well as social abilities that they will build throughout their educational journey.

Teachers must create a curriculum that is both relevant and challenging. By taking time to incorporate all aspects of life into their instruction, students will develop their interests in learning and become more engaged with the material.

One of the primary goals of teaching social studies is to prepare students for citizenship. This requires them to engage in discussions, debates and role-plays about current events and global concerns while developing their critical thinking abilities.

Preparing students for citizenship is essential as it teaches them how to behave responsibly in a democratic setting. Furthermore, it instills in them an appreciation of freedom of speech, equality and justice as fundamental rights.

Another essential purpose of social studies is to teach students about history and culture. This knowledge is essential in comprehending the past and how it has shaped our modern world.

This domain emphasizes understanding history and events, recognising family and personal events from the past, distinguishing between past and present, as well as noting how society and a community have evolved over time.

Children should be taught how to work cooperatively and respectfully with others in class. Furthermore, they should understand the significance of being accountable for their own work, sharing ideas, and turning in assignments on time.

Social studies is an expansive field that encompasses many topics and factors influencing human behavior, as well as history and geography. These topics are captivating, offering people insight into the workings of the human brain in a fascinating and useful manner.


Writing is a skill that students must acquire in order to achieve academic, occupational and civic success. The foundational abilities of writing should be taught during elementary school so students can practice them throughout their educational careers as well as into adulthood (Institute of Educational Sciences, 2012).

Writing instruction aims to equip students with the knowledge and skillset they need for all aspects of writing: planning; drafting; analyzing; editing; and revising. Additionally, it emphasizes using various writing strategies such as POW (Pick Ideas, Organize Their Notes, Write and Say More), peer revision, and the TREE technique for crafting persuasive essays.

Teachers in the classroom should serve as role models for writing well and encourage students to get involved in the writing process by drafting a draft in front of them, thinking aloud, and responding to feedback. They should also demonstrate perseverance required in this endeavor and express how satisfying it feels when one’s piece is complete.

Writing is an intricate skill that necessitates knowledge of many elements, such as text structure; word choice; and varied sentence construction. It is essential to help students develop these components by reading exemplary texts, teaching them what makes a great text and then giving them opportunities to practice using those strategies. Additionally, students should be introduced to various writing strategies tailored for their purposes and regularly evaluated for progress. These could include setting objectives like providing three or more reasons why their beliefs are correct in a persuasive essay; and assessing how well those efforts meet those targets on an ongoing basis.

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